- The diamond is more than a billion years old. The Earth is estimated at 4.5 billion years old. The oldest diamonds are believed to have been crystallized around 3.3 Billion years ago.
- Diamonds were first discovered in India, and then subsequently in Brazil.
- Diamonds are the hardest natural substance on earth. In fact, diamonds are so hard that the only thing that can scratch a diamond is another diamond.
- Diamonds also have a high melting point (3547℃ / 6420℉) and boiling point (4827℃/ 8720℉).
- Diamonds form about 90 to 120 miles beneath the earth’s surface and are carried to the surface by volcanic eruptions.
- Diamonds are made of only one element: carbon. Under the immense heat and pressure far below the earth’s surface, the carbon atoms bond in a unique way that results in diamonds’ beautiful and rare crystalline structure.
- Diamonds come in every color. The color of a diamond is usually pale yellow to colorless, but can also be brown, blue, green, orange, red, pink and black
- Scientists have discovered a planet that they believe is composed mostly of carbon, and is one-third pure diamond. Discovered in 2004, the planet orbits a nearby star in the Milky Way. Perhaps even more amazing is that scientists have discovered a star that is essentially a diamond of ten billion trillion trillion carats. They named the star “Lucy” after the Beatles song “Lucy in the Sky with Diamonds.”
- Because diamonds are very hard (ten on the Mohs scale), they are often used as an abrasive.
- Small particles of diamond are embedded in saw blades, drill bits, and grinding wheels. These tools are then used for cutting, drilling, or grinding hard materials.
- Lab grown diamonds are identical to their natural counterparts in every way, except they are grown in a lab from a diamond seed instead of pulled from the earth.
- White Sapphire is the clear winner in terms of a natural diamond alternative. Those choosing White Sapphire should expect white sparkle only as compared with the white and colored sparkle diamond offers.